Lesson Outline

The Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) are a collection of different signs and symptoms that may come with dementia. These are often also called responsive behaviours as they may be in response to specific situations, interactions with particular people, physical sensations or emotions. The behaviours are the result of changes in the brain that affect memory, judgement, orientation, mood and behaviour.

Many of these symptoms are associated with moderate-to-severe or the advanced stages of dementia. BPSD symptoms may include:

  • Agitation
  • Aggression
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations

There are several non-medicinal strategies that can help including:

  • Avoiding places or situations that cause the behaviours.
  • Using distraction as a technique.
  • Being aware of body language and tone of voice.
  • Having regular schedules and routines.
  • Improving sleep.

Your healthcare team can help you to evaluate non-medicinal strategies as well as the benefits and risks of medications to help with behavioural symptoms.

Learn the answers to the following questions:

What are some of the Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD)?

What are some non-medication strategies to help deal with these behaviours?

What medications can be used to help?

What other resources are available to help manage these behaviours?